Legal news and analysis from the largest criminal defense firm in Southwest Washington, Jeffrey D. Barrar, P.S.

Quick not-guilty verdict highlights importance of voir dire

An important aspect of trials not often depicted in legal dramas is voir dire, when attorneys question prospective jurors. The questions are designed to weed out people with biases, highlight people capable of ensuring the defendant's right to a fair and impartial jury and to help prepare the jurors for the issues they will hear during the trial. 

The French phrase "voir dire" means "to speak the truth," and that's all attorneys want from prospective jurors. 

On Dec. 3, attorney Hannah McCausland won a trial in Clark County District Court after the six-member jury deliberated fewer than 10 minutes. During voir dire, she questioned prospective jurors on their thoughts regarding central issues in the case, namely arguments among family members and the stress and panic a parent experiences when a child -- no matter how old -- is missing. 

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Weak case, quick acquittal

Washington is among more than 20 states with a mandatory domestic violence arrest law, which takes the discretion away from police officers who respond to calls involving romantic partners, family members or roommates. If somebody claims to be a victim of an assault -- even a minor assault that left no scratches, red marks or bruising -- an arrest must be made. 

One consequence of mandatory arrest laws, though, are cases with little to no physical evidence. Sometimes these cases get dismissed before trial, but other times prosecutors want to let a jury decide whether a crime was committed.

And that's what happened on Dec. 18, when attorney Zeed Meyer won a trial in Clark County District Court. How weak was the prosecutor's case? The six-member jury deliberated only 10 minutes before announcing it had reached a verdict: not guilty.

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A "reckless" win

A young man was charged with reckless driving in a recent case, but I successfully defended him in Clark County District Court last month by arguing to the jury that the crime of reckless driving has specific elements the state could not prove beyond a reasonable doubt.

A Clark County sheriff's deputy pulled my client over after witnessing him driving in the center turn lane on State Route 503 and passing some vehicles travelling in the same direction before merging over. The deputy sheriff was correct in that center turn lanes are not to be used as passing lanes. My client indicated that he was not trying to pass any cars, he was trying to speed up to the general pace of the traffic prior to merging. What the officer did not witness was how my client came to be in the center turn lane.

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Jury ices prosecutor, delivers not-guilty verdict on cold case

One day in January, my client was very surprised to learn he was being charged with the crime of Theft in the 3rd degree.

This was a "cold charge," and he was unaware he was being investigated by the Clark County Sheriff's Office for an incident that had occurred three months earlier. This blindsided him, to say the least. What was the most upsetting for him was that the charge was based solely upon supposedly being "identified" by a deputy sheriff from a photo taken from store security video.

This deputy notified the deputy assigned to the case that he thought the guy in the photo was my client. The assigned deputy obtained a photo of my client and photographs of five other randomly selected guys, and created a montage to present to the store clerk for possible identification. Upon being shown the montage, the store clerk picked my client from the lineup with "80% certainty."

Now, remember prosecutors have to prove guilt "beyond a reasonable doubt." And the store clerk was only 80 percent certain. 

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Coming soon: The Kraken

Earlier this year, our office moved from downtown to Uptown. Typically when giving directions to our office we use local landmark businesses such as Vancouver Pizza Company or Main Street Marijuana. But since the sidewalk in front of our office, at 23rd and Main streets, will soon be home to the city's newest public art installation, we can just tell people to look for 'The Kraken.'" 

Today, we got a sneak peek at the piece that was selected through a joint effort by the Clark County Arts Commission and the Uptown Village Association. It's a tentacle that will appear to snake up out of the sewer, as a manhole cover will be affixed to the top. We were also given a image of what it will look like when it's installed.  


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A defense win by default

Clients often ask, “What happens if the victim doesn’t show up for trial?”

Typically, a prosecutor would ask a judge, before jury selection, to set a new trial date. If a client’s constitutional right to a speedy trial was about to be violated, the prosecutor could ask for the case to be dismissed “without prejudice,” meaning the charges could be re-filed and everything would start over.

But those scenarios assume the prosecutor understands the rules.

On July 15th, attorney Katie Kauffman had a domestic violence assault case dismissed “with prejudice,” meaning prosecutors can’t refile charges. Kauffman went to Clark County District Court that day prepared to argue a very strong case.  Her client has no criminal history and was charged with assaulting her husband upon learning that he had been unfaithful. Her client said her husband pinned her down and she only struck him in self-defense. Kauffman was confident a jury would find that there was reasonable doubt that her client was the primary aggressor, and that her client had every right to defend herself and should be found not guilty.

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The unique challenge of representing clients who are mentally ill

A recent front-page story in The Columbian, "Defending the mentally ill: Balancing the scales" featured one of our attorneys, Christie Emrich.

"Christie Emrich, an attorney with Vancouver Defenders, knows all too well the challenges that come with defending a client who suffers from a mental illness.

'The deterioration of the human condition is just awful,' she said. 'We see a lot of young clients who develop mental health issues as they enter adulthood. Mental illness can be a fluid thing. You can be healthy and happy and then hit a catalyst and spiral out of control.'

Emrich has represented clients in Clark County's Mental Health Court in District Court off and on since 2006. She said these clients present a unique challenge as they maneuver through the criminal justice system, especially if they don't qualify for the specialty court."

Emrich, and other attorneys at our firm, have a wealth of experience representing clients who are mentally ill. Our attorneys understand how to request mental evaluations from Western State Hospital, advocate for treatment and work with prosecutors to explore alternative sentencing options.

For a free consultation call 360-906-7234.


As a criminal defense attorney, it is not my burden to prove my client is innocent. It is the prosecuting attorney’s burden to prove my client is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. This simple, yet fundamental, fact is critically important when the prosecuting attorney fails to put forth sufficient evidence at trial to justify a guilty verdict. On June 11, 2015, a Clark County jury held the prosecution to its burden and found my client not guilty of assault in the fourth degree—a gross misdemeanor that carries a maximum potential penalty of 364 days in jail and a $5,000 fine. 
The case was a classic “he-said, she-said.” The evidence was 50/50, which, in a criminal case, is insufficient evidence for a jury to convict. The prosecution failed to satisfy its burden of proof in two main ways: (1) the prosecution did not have any evidence to corroborate their story; and (2) the prosecuting attorney did not call all available witnesses to testify at trial. 
On November 11, 2014, my client’s wife called the police, alleging that my client had assaulted her. My client’s wife alleged that my client hit her on the right side of her head multiple times, pulled her hair, slapped her hands and arms caused bruising, put her in a choke hold and pushed her down on the ground. However, when officers arrived, they did not observe any visible injuries—no marks on her head, no redness on her neck, no bruising on her hands and nothing wrong with her hair. The officers did not take photos of her (which is common practice in assault cases). Furthermore, she claimed my client struck her repeatedly on the right side of her head… but my client is right handed, meaning if he did strike her with his dominant hand, the blows would have landed on the left side of her head. When the officers spoke with my client, he adamantly denied ever striking or touching his wife in an assaultive manner. In sum, my client’s wife’s story was entirely uncorroborated by any physical evidence. Nevertheless, the officers arrested my client and charged him with assault in the fourth degree.

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Washington Supreme Court reminder: name-calling isn't obstruction

While the rest of the nation is rightfully talking about today's Supreme Court ruling  upholding key provisions of Obamacare, we took notice of an opinion issued by the Washington Supreme Court, State v. E.J.J., that reinforces that speech alone cannot be considered obstruction.

The case concerns a minor -- identified in court documents only by his initials -- from King County who was convicted of obstruction of justice. The conviction was upheld by the Court of Appeals, but reversed by the state Supreme Court, which decided the juvenile was only exercising his First Amendment right to freedom of speech.

As Justice Charles W. Johnson wrote in the majority opinion, police officers were called to the juvenile's home because his sister, also a juvenile, was intoxicated and out of control. Officers removed E.J.J. from the home as they tried to calm his sister, and "E.J.J. grew concerned when he he saw an officer reach for what he perceived to be a nightstick."

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The Right To Defend Property Prevails

On May 8, 2015, a Clark County District Court jury found my client not guilty of assaulting the mother of his two children. The jury heard testimony from the alleged victim, who stated she went over to my client’s home to drop off their 2-year-old twins for a visit. The alleged victim did not live at the home. Her name had never been on the lease. Once inside the home, the alleged victim began arguing with my client and accusing him of not properly watching the children. My client asked the alleged victim numerous times to leave his home. She refused.

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Jeffrey D. Barrar, P.S.: Vancouver Defenders Jeffrey D. Barrar, P.S.
Vancouver Defenders